Tuesday, September 21, 2010

Purattasi (புரட்டாசி)

Purattasi (புரட்டாசி)

Purattasi is an important Tamil month usually from September 16 – October 15. This again is a month devoted to worship like Aadi, this time the prime deity being Perumal.

The usual Tamil saying is that “aadi va vangum, thai po pongum” meaning the festival time starts with Aadi and ends with Pongal in the month of Thai.

As per the saying, all the festivals start with Aadi and continue to Krishna Jayanthi and Pillayar Chaturthi in Aavani and move on to Navarathri in Purattasi and Diwali in Ipasi.

The most important festivals in Purattasi are:

1. Saturdays of Purattasi – Like Aadi Fridays are important days for praying to Goddess, Purattasi Saturdays are very important and special prayers are done for Venkatachalapathy with people following many Vrathams and pujas with various offerings like chakara pongal etc.

2. Mahalaya Amavasya – The 15 days preceding the New moon day of Purattasi is considered as Mahalaya Paksham (full moon to new moon) period. During this time, our forefathers are supposed to come close to us on this earth and people generally offer special prayers to them with tharpanam, mahalaya srartham  etc. This is followed not only for one’s forefathers but for all the departed kith and kin.

3. Navrathri - Once the rituals for the forefathers are completed, the time for celebration begins with Navrathri (nine nights, literally). The first day of Navrathri is the day after the Mahalaya Amavasya completes and continues for ten days. The first three days pujas are for Goddess Parvathi, the next three days for Goddess Lakshmi and the last three days for Goddess Saraswathi - the third day of puja to Goddess Saraswathi (the ninth of the celebrations) being celebrated as Saraswathi Puja in households and Ayudha Puja in workplace. The tenth day is Vijaya Dasami – meaning the victorious tenth day when the Goddess slew Mahishasuran.

Navrathri is a beautiful opportunity for socialising. In South India Navrathri is celebrated with the traditional Kolu.

On the Mahalaya Amavasya day, dolls are taken out and arranged in odd numbered steps and decorated. The tradition that is usually followed is that the first few steps will have the dolls of Gods and Goddesses, the next few will have Sadhus, national leaders, other human beings, etc and the last few will have toys including dolls of animals. Every day, sundal and a sweet are offered as prasadam to the Goddess. Ladies and children are invited to one’s home for thamboolam. The invited ladies and kids are also asked to sing songs, usually in praise of the Goddess.

On the Saraswathi Puja day educational books and all household tools are kept in puja with prayer for a good and safe use of these in the coming years.

Ayudha Puja is celebrated in all work places whether it is a small mechanic shop or a big factory irrespective of religion, caste and creed. Here again all the work tools are cleaned and decorated and prayed to.

On Vijaya dasami day children are made to read the books kept in puja. Many schools admit new children in classes and many institutions commence new courses as being a victorious day, it is considered as a very auspicious day to start any venture.

4. Tirupathi Brahmotsavam: Tirupathi Brahmostavam is an integral part of Purattasi, happening in Tirupathi temple. Nowadays it is very easy to see the Brahmotsavam sitting at home as it is always telecast by different TV channels at different times on all days of the festival.


  1. பிரமாதம்,லக்ஷ்மி.ரொம்ப நன்றி

  2. The Brahmotsavam pictures are just awesome. So are the thambulam bags by Jayu. Hah! Satisfying blog. Great write up about Purattasi. I hope you continue writing about the importance of all Tamil months like this. Especially for anadis like me. ;)

  3. The articles are very crisp and informative, and the pictures are really excellent. Thanks so much for sharing such valuable information. Keep up this great work !!!

  4. The photos are so nice some will become my wallpaper!! Though it may be out of place this is also the month of maalayapaksham when our forefathers are saluted!!

  5. There is a story behind Mahalaya Paksham. It in fact stresses the importance of the
    period. The famous hero of the Mahabharata epic, Shri Karna, who is called Pandava's
    half brother, when he passed away, because of the magnanimous charity he did during
    his life time, he ascended to the heavenly planet. In return he got many things from
    the heaven like gold, silver, etc. but there was no food; perhaps he had not done
    any thing in the form of food-charity. He worshiped Lord Yamaraja, who obliged him
    to send him back to the earth to make good of that. While he was back, he fed a
    number of Brahmins, particularly the poor for a period of 14 days or so and offered
    oblations of water. After this, based on his request, Lord Yamaraj took him back to
    the heavenly planet. It is these 14 days that are being celebrated as Mahalaya Paksha.
    During Purattasi month, Shri Shaneeswara Bhagawan is said to reduce his negative power
    and hence it is said that it is the best period to win the favour of Shani Bhagawan.
    Further, the Saturdays during this month is considered most auspicious, mainly
    because the month is associated with Lord Vishnu and Lord Anjaneya.

  6. I am grateful for this blog to distribute knowledge about this significant topic. Here I found different segments and now I am going to use these new instructions with new enthusiasm.
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